Does a person have the right to terminate his own life? What about euthanasia, mercy-killing and assisted suicide: Should this be legalized or treated as murder? What factors contribute to the increasing rates of suicide?
Participating Physicians Kenneth R.
This is a review and evaluation of medical and public literature regarding the reported emotional and psychological effects of participation in physician-assisted suicide PAS and euthanasia on the involved physicians. Articles in medical journals, legislative investigations and the public press were obtained and reviewed to determine what has been reported regarding the effects Euthanasia assisted suicide physicians who have been personally involved in PAS and euthanasia.
The physician is centrally involved in PAS and euthanasia, and the emotional and psychological effects on the participating physician can be substantial.
The shift away from the fundamental values of medicine to heal and promote human wholeness can have significant effects on many participating physicians.
There is evidence of pressure on and intimidation of doctors by some patients to assist in suicide. The effect of countertransference in the doctor-patient relationship may influence physician involvement in PAS and euthanasia.
Medicine is devoted to healing and the promotion of human wholeness; to use medical techniques in order to achieve death violates its fundamental values. These PAS advocates have stated that there is no evidence that PAS "legalization would corrupt physicians and thus undermine the integrity of the medical profession," and that "there is substantial evidence to the contrary.
In the same way, physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia deserve to be evaluated to determine if they have adverse or harmful effects. Instead of focusing on the involved patients, this investigation focuses on the reported effects on the doctors who are involved in assisted suicide and euthanasia.
What have been the emotional and psychological effects of participation in PAS and euthanasia on the involved doctors?
What have they expressed to others regarding their experiences? Are physicians being pressured, intimidated or psychologically influenced to assist in suicide or perform euthanasia?
What has happened to doctors who have written prescriptions? Have they continued to be involved with assisted suicide with other patients after the experience with the first patient or have they stopped their involvement? This collection of articles numbers into the thousands, including dozens of books on the subject.
Other articles were identified and obtained using PubMed and the following search words: Results and Discussion The Netherlands Doctors in the Netherlands who have had experience with assisted suicide and euthanasia, have expressed concerns regarding the effects on doctors.
A report from the Netherlands stated: I wonder what it would be like not to have these cases in my practice. Perhaps I would be a much more cheerful person. We are not trained to kill. With euthanasia, your nightmare comes true. The percentage of doctors expressing feelings of discomfort were: Evidence reported by the British House of Lords Select Committee on the Assisted Dying for the Terminally Bill in includes the following candid responses by Dutch physicians and ethicists to questions from the committee: Q Response by Dr.
You are never used to it. It can be physically and emotionally exhausting. I certainly know of a case where a patient was almost pressured by the doctor, by being offered euthanasia.
Now this patient does not want it, and I do not know what to do.Euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide is when action is taken to end the life of a person who is experiencing long-term illness.
Euthanasia is against the law in many countries, and in the U.S. A look at euthanasia and assisted suicide through the eyes of five people -- three patients, a doctor, and a hospice nurse, all of whom speak from their hearts, not from a script.
15 Minutes View. Law Reform Updated October 15 benjaminpohle.com Various forms of medical assisted suicide have been approved in the following states and benjaminpohle.com law . Death with Dignity: The Case for Legalizing Physician-Assisted Dying and Euthanasia [Robert Orfali] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
In Death with Dignity, Robert Orfali makes a compelling case for legalized physician-assisted dying. Using .
Emotional and Psychological Effects of Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia on Participating Physicians Kenneth R. Stevens, Jr., M.D., FACR*. a website to discuss ethical and legal questions related to the issues of assisted suicide and euthanasia, in particular as it pertains to Canadian law.