The foundations of Islam The legacy of Muhammad From the very beginning of Islam, Muhammad had inculcated a sense of brotherhood and a bond of faith among his followers, both of which helped to develop among them a feeling of close relationship that was accentuated by their experiences of persecution as a nascent community in Mecca. In ce, when the Prophet migrated to Medinahis preaching was soon accepted, and the community-state of Islam emerged.
Posted on April 19, by sdonline When we engage W. The concept of the color-line refers essentially to the role of race and racism in history and society.
But of necessity, for Du Bois, it requires a multidimensional analysis which identifies and seeks to understand the intersection of race and class as both modes of domination and modes of resistance on the national and international level. After identifying and discussing major problems of the world, Du Bois concludes b: Du Bois is right to argue that the oppressed, of necessity, will rise up in resistance and wage fierce and heroic struggles for liberation and higher levels of human life.
Indeed, he anticipates wars of liberation more ferocious than the imperialist wars of conquest, suppression, colonialism, and settlerism. I] was, it is nothing to compare with that fight for freedom which black and brown and yellow men must and will make unless their oppression and humiliation and insult at the hands of the White World cease.
Du Bois anticipates here the Vietnam liberation struggle which ruptures the continuity and confidence of European dominance and the subsequent liberation struggles in Africa, Asia, Latin America and even within the U.
For globalization, regardless of its disguises and deceptive discourse on democracy and the spreading of civilization and technology, can be usefully understood as a color line project.
In fact, it can be seen as a current expression of white supremacy with an enhanced technological capacity to impose itself on the world. In a word, globalization expresses itself as a racialist global project of coercive homogenization of the peoples of the world, politically, economically and culturally, with European peoples as both the central power and paradigm Munford, In such an asymmetrical project, Europeans are, of course, the principal beneficiaries, and the peoples of color are the victims and bearers of the burden and the costs, as Du Bois contends in his color-line proposition.
The color line is established when Europe problematizes the existence, meaning, color, worth, and status of the peoples of color.
To problematize the existence and lives of peoples of color, Europe constructs a bio-social identity called race Gordon, a.
It became a designation of devaluation, degradation and domination. For race stripped of all its pseudo-scientific claims is essentially a socio-biological category used to assign human worth and social status using whites as the paradigm Karenga, a: And likewise, the farther a person or people is away from that paradigm, the lower their human worth and social status.
The system of social practice which is organized around this concept of race on the national and international level is racism. It is important here to distinguish racial prejudice and racism. For racial prejudice is an attitude of hostility and hatred toward persons and peoples based on negative assumptions about biology and culture.
Racism expresses itself in three basic ways. First, it is a violent act of imposition. Secondly, racism expresses itself as ideology or more precisely an ideology of justification of the imposition.
It is an ideology which ranges from the rawest of biological, religious and cultural absurdities to elaborate intellectual and pseudo-intellectual projects masquerading as social science. Finally, racism expresses itself as institutional arrangement, as structures and processes which promote and perpetuate the imposition and ideology.
The educational system, the media, the courts, the legislative bodies, and the economic structures from small businesses to transnational corporations all contribute to the promotion and perpetuation of systemic racism. The practices of transnational structures-such as corporations and now the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the World Trade Organization, etc.
For, as noted above, the process of globalization has its roots in the classical period of imperialist expansion Raudzens, And it is this imposition of views and values, as well as political and economic practices and projects, which has provoked such sustained and severe responses from various segments of the communities of color around the world Zepezauer, a; Ahmad, ; Karenga, b; Barber, By the Europeanization of human consciousness and culture I mean the systematic invasion and effective transformation of the cultural consciousness and practice of the various peoples of color of the world by Europeans whites Karenga, a: This is achieved essentially through technology, education, and the media, and yields three basic results.
First, the process produces a progressive loss and replacement of the historical memories of peoples of color.
Second, it yields the progressive disappreciation of themselves and their culture as a result of a conscious and unconscious assessment of themselves using European standards.
And finally, it encourages the progressive adoption of a Eurocentric view not only of themselves, but also of each other and the world. But later he would realize how this concept and practice of European civilization presented him with the paradoxes of freedom and enslavement, ideals of peace and realities of war, humanism and racism, universal man and racial stereotypes.
In a word, as Fanon would later describe it These paradoxes not only reflect the relevance of race in a critical understanding of the project, but also the intersection of race and class, color and condition, and place and power in this process.
Peace and Imperialist Expansion. The first paradox is the pursuit of peace in the midst of imperialist expansion.Definitions and interpretations. Paul James defines globalism, "at least in its more specific use, as the dominant ideology and subjectivity associated with different historically-dominant formations of global extension.
The definition thus implies that there were pre-modern or traditional forms of globalism and globalization long before the driving force of capitalism sought to colonize. Islam: Islam, major world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century ce.
The Arabic term islām, literally “surrender,” illuminates the fundamental religious idea of Islam—that the believer (called a Muslim, from the active particle of islām) accepts surrender to the will of. I. Introduction Feminism brings many things to philosophy including not only a variety of particular moral and political claims, but ways of asking and answering questions, critiques of mainstream philosophical views and methods, and new topics of inquiry.
Structuralism was a philosophical movement developed by French academics in the s, partly in response to French benjaminpohle.com has been seen variously as an expression of Modernism, High modernism, or postmodernism [by whom? "Post-structuralists" were thinkers who moved away from the strict interpretations and applications of structuralist ideas.
Towards the end of his most influential work, Critique of Pure Reason(/), Kant argues that all philosophy ultimately aims at answering these three questions: “What can I know?What should I do? What may I hope?” The book appeared at the beginning of the most productive period of his career, and by the end of his life Kant had worked out systematic, revolutionary, and.
Is IFRS That Different From U.S. GAAP? Remi Forgeas, CPA Insider | June 16, The U.S. is moving toward IFRS. Unlike what happened with other countries, IASB and FASB have been working on convergence for many years.