History[ edit ] The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight. He demonstrated that persons may have power and high position and yet be deeply confused and irrational. He established the importance of asking deep questions that probe profoundly into thinking before we accept ideas as worthy of belief.
Confused meanings, inadequate evidence, or self-contradictory beliefs often lurked beneath smooth but largely empty rhetoric. His method of questioning is now known as "Socratic Questioning" and is the best known critical thinking teaching strategy. In his mode of questioning, Socrates highlighted the need in thinking for clarity and logical consistency.
Eight Dimensions of Critical Thinking The Foundation for Critical Thinkingone of the leading schools of thought on modern-day critical thinking, highlights eight dimensions of critical thinking: The element of Purpose provokes us to examine the intent of a specific claim or statement.
This second element of critical thinking, Question, prompts us to clearly identify the problem or issue at the core of any given line of reasoning. Without a clear and specific question, it may be difficult to clearly define issues or challenges.
The fourth element, Interpretation, encourages us to reflect on the underlying inferences we are drawing between the information and claims we encounter during our daily lives.
Are we linking ideas logically or are there flaws to our connections?
How is the information or data being translated into real life? The Concept element urges us to investigate the validity of the laws, theories and the accepted principles on which claims and arguments are based. When assessing claims or information, the Assumption element of critical thinking encourages us to explore what the claim or information may be taking for granted.
What are we missing?
The Implications element of critical thinking prompts us to deeply consider the consequences of statements and claims to determine the potential downstream effects. The last and final element of critical thinking, Point of View, ensures that we reflect upon the source and perspective of claims presented during everyday life.
Point of View is especially important since it can help identify limitations or bias. More information is available about the eight elements of critical thinking here.Every day, a sea of decisions stretches before us, and it’s impossible to make a perfect choice every time.
But there are many ways to improve our chances — and one particularly effective technique is critical thinking. Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment. The subject is complex, and several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical, unbiased analysis, or evaluation of factual benjaminpohle.comal thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking.
It presupposed assent to rigorous standards of. The Critical Thinking Co.™"Critical thinking is the identification and evaluation of evidence to guide decision making. A critical thinker uses broad in-depth analysis of evidence to make decisions and communicate his/her beliefs clearly and accurately."Other Definitions of Critical Thinking:Robert H.
Ennis, Author of The Cornell Critical Thinking Tests"Critical thinking is reasonable. Critical thinking means making reasoned judgments that are logical and well-thought out.
It is a way of thinking in which you don't simply accept all arguments and conclusions you are exposed to but rather have an attitude involving questioning such arguments and conclusions. The Foundation is a non-profit organization that seeks to promote essential change in education and society through the cultivation of fairminded critical thinking--thinking which embodies intellectual empathy, intellectual humility, intellectual perseverance, intellectual integrity and intellectual responsibility.
Start studying Chapter Critical Thinking. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. 3rd component of critical thinking. In your practice you apply critical thinking components during each step of the nursing process. Concept mapping.